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Indwara y’ibibembe mu marembera

Nk’igihugu cyigeze kugira amateka akomeye ku ndwara y’ibibembe yandurira mu mwuka itewe n’agakoko kitwa "Bacille de Hansen”, u Rwanda rukomeje gushaka uburyo bwo kuyirandura burundu.

Nk’uko bigaragazwa n’imibare yashyizwe ahagaragara n’Ikigo cy’Igihugu gishinzwe Ubuzima (RBC), uko imyaka yiyongera ni ko umubare rw’abarwaye ibibembe ugenda ugabanuka.

Ushinzwe kurwanya indwara y’ibibembe muri RBC, Nshimiyimana Kizito, mu mwaka w’1984 na mbere yaho mu Rwanda hari abarwayi b’ibibembe 1.800

Mu mwaka wa 1989 uwo mubare waje kugabanuka hasigara abagera kuri 300 kubera imiti bahabwaga n’abihaye Imana. Mu myaka yakurikiye abarwayi b’ibibembe bakomeje kugabanuka kuri ubu mu mu Rwanda hakaba hari ababarirwa kuri 29 gusa.

N’ubwo bimeze bitya ariko mu myaka ibiri ishize abarwayi b’ibibembe babaga bari hejuru ya 50 kuko muri 2011 aba barwayi bari 52 naho mu mwaka wa 2012 baba 54.

Indwara y’ibibembe yibasira cyane cyane uruhu n’imyakura (nerfs), hakabaho n’igihe itera ubumuga iyo umurwayi atinze kuyivuza, uyirwaye akaba yanduza abandi igihe avuga, aseka, akorora no mu gihe yitsamuye.

Nshimiyumukiza ushinzwe kurwanya iyi ndwara muri RBC akomeza agira ati "Umubare w’abarwayi b’ibibembe dufite muri uyu mwaka uratanga icyizere ko bishobora gucika burundu kuko turi ku gipimo kiri hagati ya 0,03 na 0,08 ku bantu 10.000 mu gihe ishami ry’umuryango w’abibumbye ryita ku buzima n’ubundi ridusaba kuba munsi 1.”

Rusizi Ngoma na Gisagara ngo ni two turere tuza ku isonga tubonekamo abarwayi b’ibibembe na Bugesera benshi. Ibi ngo bikaba biterwa n’uko duhana imbibi n’ibihugu bibonekamo abarwayi b’ibibembe benshi, nka Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo ibonekemo abarwayi bagera ku bihumbi 6.

Indwara y’ibibembe n’ubwo itinda kumenyekana ngo nyamara iravurwa igakira, ibimenyetso byayo akaba ari ukugira amabara adasanzwe ku mubiri, ibiheri bikabije, abo yamaze kurenga ikaba ishobora no kubatera ibisebe.

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